The geological fault known as the Great Rift Valley runs from the Red Sea down through East Africa and, as it enters Zambia, divides; one arm to the east and Lake Malawi and one to the West.
This Western arm becomes the Luangwa Valley and stretches south east for seven hundred kilometres with an average width of about one hundred kilometres.
Down the centre of the valley flows the Luangwa River, fed by dozens of tributaries. Many are dry for most of the year but in the rainy season become ranging torrents often causing the Luangwa to flood.
The Luangwa carves a tortuous course along the valley floor eroding outer bends and depositing silt within the loops. Over the years the river will cut new course after new course forming many ‘ox bow’ lagoons. It is this that makes the valley one of Africa's prime wildlife areas with concentrations and varieties of game that rivals anywhere in Africa.
In South Luangwa the river forms a natural barrier between South Luangwa National Park and the Game Management Area to its East. The villagers within this area rely on subsistence farming but their fields and gardens are often raided by elephant and other game.
Within the area around Mfuwe are more than 20 Government and Community schools and Project Luangwa aims to support as many of these schools as it can.